Diversity report shows Decatur getting whiterA mural in Decatur's Oakhurst neighborhood
There’s plenty of anecdotal evidence of the growth in Decatur’s white population and decline in black population, but a soon-to-be-released report could provide fuel for discussions about diversity in the city.
The city’s elected officials are grappling with questions about how to ensure Decatur’s housing options can support mix of incomes. The city’s police officers have also been accused of racial profiling.
Decatur City Commissioners got a glimpse of that report during their Aug. 4 meeting. The city hired intern Christian Perry, a Decatur High graduate who is working toward a master’s in public administration at the Andrew Young School of Policy Studies, to study the city’s population trends.
Perry presented some of his findings during the commission meeting. Among his conclusions:
– Whites accounted for 60 percent of the city’s population in 1990, while blacks accounted for almost 40 percent. According to the 2010 census, about 73 percent of the city’s population was white and 20 percent was black. The remainder of the population was non-black minority, which includes Hispanics.
– In 1990, the overwhelming majority of the city’s black population – almost 4,000 residents – was in Oakhurst. There were less than 1,000 whites living in Oakhurst as of the 1990 census. In 2010, whites were the overwhelming majority in Oakurst, accounting for more than 2,500 residents. There were about 1,500 blacks living in Oakhurst in 2010.
– Decatur’s white population increased overall from 1990 to 2010, while the Atlanta metro area’s white population decreased. Metro Atlanta’s white population decreased from more than 70 percent in 1990 to about 55 percent in 2010. Decatur’s white population was 60 percent in 1990 and about 73 percent in 2010. The black population in the Atlanta metro area grew from about 25 percent in 1990 to more than 30 percent in 2010. Decatur’s black population made up about 40 percent of the city’s population in 1990 and declined to 20 percent in 2010.
– As of 2010, more than 70 percent of the Decatur’s population of children younger than 5 years old was white. In 1990, it was about 50/50 between whites and blacks. About one in five Decatur residents is black, and one in three Decatur residents age 65 and older is black, Perry said.
– Decatur’s population of same sex households is four times the national average. In 2010, 3.5 percent of the city’s households were same sex, compared with less than one percent nationally. Male same sex households accounted for a little more than 1 percent of households in Decatur. Female same sex households accounted for more than 2 percent.
– From 2000 to 2010, median household income for white households in Decatur increased by a little less than 10 percent, and decreased by more than 50 percent for black households. The contrast is especially sharp in Oakhurst. White household income in Oakhurst rose by almost 30 percent, while black household income dropped by almost 40 percent.
City spokeswoman Casie Yoder said the full written report is being finalized and will be released later this month. She also told the commission that more data is needed to get a better picture of what’s going on. She said it would be helpful to have data on event attendance in the city and some more detailed demographic data on city staff. She said the city would also like more data on its residents’ occupations.
To download Perry’s Power Point presentation from the Aug. 4 meeting, click this link: Diversity Research Project Work Session_08.04.14